All You Need to Know About Hypertension - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
Hypertension means that blood pressure is higher than average values. This is when your blood pressure suddenly rises, and the blood carried from the heart to the body exerts pressure on the arteries, causing harm to your health. Another name for hypertension is high blood pressure. It is popularly known as the silent killer amongst people.
According to epidemiological studies conducted globally, this disorder, which does not show any symptoms, is seen at a rate of 40% between the ages of 45 and 55. In comparison, it is seen at a rate of 50% for those aged 55 over. 20% of the society has this disorder. With high blood pressure, the cells that feed the organs are damaged by the pressure, leading to fatal results.
How Is Hypertension Treated?
It is one of the most frequently asked questions. First, hypertension is not a disease that can be cured entirely. It is a lifetime treatment. The quality of life increases according to the effort of the patient. After diagnosis, the physician initiates a treatment process depending on your condition.
"What is good for hypertension?" If you are wondering, first, the main factors such as the patient's reaching the ideal weight, healthy nutrition, and regular exercise can be counted.
Drug therapy is applied if there is no significant improvement in the patient's blood pressure despite the changed lifestyle. The type, dosage, and types of the drug are entirely at the discretion of the physician. You should never take any medications on advice or recommend your medicine to others.
The goal here is to reduce the high pressure created by the blood pressure on the vessels. If there is a history of serious diseases such as diabetes, organ damage, and kidney failure in the patient's history, the pressure level must be lowered even more.
The most important thing to know about hypertension is that you need to completely change your lifestyle to cope with this problem for a lifetime. Regular exercise, constant weight control, avoiding excessive salt consumption, avoiding alcohol and tobacco products, and reducing your food portions are the easiest ways to cope with this disease. In addition to these situations, you should regularly use the pharmacological drugs that your doctor will give you, and you should not disrupt the blood pressure controls.
What Should be the Diet of Hypertension Patients?
When the doctor tells you that you have hypertension, you think about it and start doing research. But rest assured, you are not alone. Approximately 1.13 billion patients with hypertension globally, and unfortunately, only 6% of them regain their health with effective treatment. But they keep the progression of the disease under control by having hypertension tests done regularly throughout their lives.
To prevent hypertension, you should follow the DAPH (dietary approaches to prevent hypertension) diet. Generally, salt, sugar, saturated fat, and products containing them are removed from the Mediterranean diet; The patient's application is provided by creating a rich food list with vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and poultry. Let's not forget that uncontrolled blood pressure creates severe conditions such as heart attack and stroke.
Sudden High Blood Pressure Symptoms
It shows its symptoms when the blood in the body suddenly rises and leaves the person without resistance. There can be various reasons for sudden rises. It is elevated for many reasons such as excessive anxiety, stress, alcohol consumption, low potassium in the blood, various kidney problems, congenital defects in blood vessels.
The scariest part of hypertension is that it sometimes progresses insidiously without showing any symptoms. What is hypertension? The most straightforward answer to the question is that it is a type of disease whose existence we are generally unaware of, which works as an agent. But when the situation reaches the threat level, it appears as nosebleeds, shortness of breath, double vision, nausea, irregular heartbeat, and tinnitus.
What is Primary Hypertension?
The type of blood pressure that develops gradually over a long period, which can never be defined without a specific reason, is called primary blood pressure (primary blood pressure). 95% of hypertension patients are primary blood pressure patients.
Since it is not clear what causes it is due to, the course of the disease is considered through risk factors. Those with risk factors are excessive salt consumption, no body mass index, advanced age, alcohol and tobacco use, and gender. Generally, men may encounter this health problem at an earlier age than women. The symptom of progressive primary blood pressure is a headache.
"How do you get a hypertension headache?" You should consult your doctor and change your living conditions.
What Is Secondary Hypertension?
According to research, those who suffer from this disease are 5%. The cause of its occurrence is usually caused by some underlying diseases.
It has higher blood pressure values than the primary type. In general, kidney problems, adrenal gland tumors, sleep apnea, congenital blood vessel disorder, thyroid problems, birth control drugs, over-the-counter painkillers occur. Illegal drugs are among the causes.
What Are Hypertension Medications?
The primary organs of hypertension are the brain, eyes, and kidneys. If left untreated, it causes severe, painful consequences, allowing fatal causes. Because this disease excessively tires the heart and vessels, the drugs used to treat the shrinkage and narrowing of the vessels consume the sick person's health and energy.
Hypertension medications are known as diuretics; Diuretics, lightens the workload of the heart; Alpha and beta-blockers, Vasodilators, and blood flow to help the heart pump faster, which, in the resistance of the blood vessels, allowing it to fall; ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors)
Calcium channel blockers, which block calcium ions, prevent hypertension from sending signals to the heart and vessels; Central Adrenegeric inhibitors and drugs are found in this minvalde. But no medication should be used without a prescription and should not be recommended to anyone.
What's Good for Hypertension?
The most important reason that is good for every disease or prevents the formation of the disease is that we eat healthy and exercise. In Hypertension, this condition is critical. We should choose a quality life; we should see it as a life motto before our health goes out of hand. Daily 30 minutes of walking; working for all our muscle groups balances the pressure of our blood flow with healthy oxygen intake.
Instead of consuming fast-food products, we should support our health by eating fruits and vegetables, providing calcium and vitamins. Let's not forget that if hypertension is not treated or its treatment is left unfinished, your life would be at risk.