All You Need to Know Abut Migraine Attacks - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
Migraine is a neurological disorder that adversely affects the quality of life, reduces the efficiency of daily activities, and has been encountered quite frequently in recent years. Severe pain is the most common migraine symptom. Pain is usually seen in the nape, temple, head, or around the eyes. Symptoms such as nausea and light sensitivity are added to the pain, increasing intensity as you move.
Migraines are severe pain that progresses in attacks. People prefer to be in dark and quiet environments during an attack due to their sensitivity to light and sound. Although the symptoms and severity of migraines vary from person to person, the incidence in women is higher than in men.
What Causes Migraine?
The reasons that are effective in the emergence of migraines are not fully known. However, environmental, genetic, and physiological factors significantly impact its emergence, as with many unexplained disorders.
Disruption of the balance of chemicals in the brain, especially serotonin, is very effective in emerging migraine symptoms and attacks. During attacks, symptoms such as severe pain and vomiting are observed because of the secretion of chemicals that cause pain in the brain.
What Are Migraine Symptoms?
Headache attacks experienced at the onset of a migraine can occur as early as childhood or adolescence. However, the primary migraine attacks and pains are frequently seen starting from the 20s. Migraine symptoms can be examined under different headings in line with the triggering causes and complaints.
Half Migraine Symptoms
Half migraine, also known as half headache, is the most common type of migraine. Initially, it appears as severe pain in the temple, head, and around the eyes. Some of the symptoms that occur afterward and make the pain much more unbearable are as follows:
- Smell sensitivity
- Light sensitivity
- Sensitivity to noise
- Pain that increases with movement
- Tension and temper
Although the effect of physiological reasons is relatively high in its emergence, psychological reasons or social life can also trigger migraine attacks. E.g., Intensive working hours, insomnia, workload, and responsibilities are among the reasons that are very effective in the emergence of attacks.
Chronic Migraine Symptoms
While migraine is a disease that seriously affects the quality of life with its symptoms under normal conditions, this situation becomes more unbearable when it reaches the chronic migraine stage.
Symptoms such as a headache that lasts for at least 15 days within 90 days, and severe migraine symptoms in at least seven days of these pains, and these pains lasting more than 4 hours are among the symptoms of chronic migraine.
Chronic migraine affects daily productivity and quality of life more than other types. As individuals try various ways to cope with pain, they resort to using medication. So much so that even known painkillers became migraine medicine for them after a while.
Applying to a wide variety of solutions is also an indicator of how badly this disease affects people. Since migraine that becomes chronic will cause anxiety, stress, and tension in people, this may pave the way for the emergence of serious psychological disorders in the future.
Sinusitis Migraine Symptoms
When headache is mentioned, the first disease that comes to mind after a migraine is sinusitis. Sinusitis and migraine are often confused with each other, as it causes headaches and occasional vomiting in children. However, they are two diseases that are pretty different in terms of their emergence and causes.
Sinusitis is inflammation in the nose and intraskeletal spaces, and contrary to what is known, headache is not a very common symptom. While the symptoms appear as nasal and nasal discharge, eye and toothache in adults, this situation manifests itself with vomiting after a persistent cough in children.
The most significant difference between sinusitis and migraine symptoms is the duration and severity of the headache. While migraine comes in attacks and is very severe, headache caused by sinusitis is continuous. Therefore, pain that lasts for 1-3 days and improves afterward is not sinusitis. Therefore, sinusitis and migraine should not be confused with each other.
Migraine with Aura Symptoms
Migraine with aura is known as the less common type of migraine with the most severe symptoms. Aura is the symptom that occurs before the migraine attack, and its duration can be expressed in minutes. This time varies between 5-60 minutes.
Hallucinations associated with headaches are pretty common in migraines with aura. However, severe symptoms such as numbness in the arms and legs, tinnitus, perception, and visual disturbances can be seen.
Symptoms Of Menstrual Migraines
It is called menstrual migraine because it occurs because of fluctuations in hormone balance before the menstrual period. The symptoms of menstrual migraines are the same as the commonly known migraine symptoms.
A feature that distinguishes menstrual migraines from other migraines is that they are often seen before the menstrual period. Headaches that last an hour or two or do not show continuity may not be migraines. But severe headaches observed during each menstrual period are indicative of menstrual migraines.
These pains, which occur during an already tense and stressful period, seriously negatively affect people's lives. In addition, menstrual migraines are less common because there are no significant fluctuations in the hormone estrogen during menopause and pregnancy.
What's Good for Migraines?
Migraine is a condition that occurs in episodes. For this reason, it is necessary to know the factors that cause the output of the disease to reduce the frequency of attacks. Accordingly, some factors that trigger migraines are as follows:
- Seasonal changes
- A frequent presence in noisy environments
- Hormone irregularities
- Irregular eating habits
- Irregular sleep
- Emotional stress and depression
It is known that living by paying attention to the causes that trigger migraines reduces the frequency of attacks. So, what is good for migraine pain? Of course, the first thing to do is resort to methods applied by doctors who specialize in their field. But in addition, other methods are believed to work well.
For example, cough grass is thought to be effective in relieving migraine symptoms and attacks. In addition, there are some opinions that minerals such as B2 and magnesium also reduce the frequency of attacks.
Migraine stone, which is good for headaches with its intense menthol and mint smell, is one of the most common methods applied in recent years.
There is no definitive method used to treat migraines. Because migraine symptoms and attacks negatively affect the lives of individuals, the main goal of the treatment is to minimize pain and attacks. In addition to drug therapy, it is possible to reduce the frequency of attacks with hormone and vitamin supplements.