Atherosclerosis (Occlusions in the Veins): Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, & Treatment
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Atherosclerosis (Occlusions in the Veins): Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, & Treatment

Atherosclerosis is a disease that occurs because of clots or hardening of the veins that provide blood circulation in the body. Clots that cause obstruction usually occur in narrowed areas with arteriosclerosis. However, clotting is not the only factor that causes congestion.

Occlusions in the veins can sometimes have more than one cause. These include irregular eating habits and an unhealthy lifestyle. In addition to this, the loss of elasticity of the vessels in advancing ages, diseases such as high blood pressure, cholesterol, obesity, and addictions such as smoking and alcohol are among the factors that trigger vascular occlusion.

The symptom of vascular occlusion may vary according to the veins where the occlusion occurs. E.g., if there is a blockage in the cerebral vessels, symptoms such as numbness and difficulty in speaking are observed, while chest pain and numbness in the left arm are more common in obstructions in the heart vessels.

Although the symptoms may differ, recommendations such as a regular and healthy diet, exercise, and getting rid of smoking and alcohol addictions are made in the first stage. In addition, drug treatment can be applied if necessary, and clogged vessels are opened with surgical operations.

Symptoms of Vascular Occlusion in the Brain

Atherosclerosis in the brain

The accumulation of clots and plaques usually causes atherosclerosis in the brain because of the narrowing of the vessels. Constrictions in the brain vessels can cause a stroke; this occurs in 3 different ways:

  • Clots and plaques containing dense cholesterol narrow the vascular pathway over time, and slow/reduce blood flow to the brain. As a result, a blockage occurs in the vein, and the condition can cause a stroke.
  • The plaques formed can damage the inner surface of the artery and cause an environment suitable for more blood clotting in that area.
  • As a result of the disintegration of the formed plaques, the blockages in the small vessels can slow down or stop the blood flow to the brain.

The most common symptoms of vascular occlusion in the brain are:

  • Loss of balance
  • Vision loss/Blurred vision
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Forgetfulness
  • Gait disturbance
  • Speech disorder
  • Numbness in some parts of the body

Symptoms of Vascular Occlusion in the Arm

Although vascular occlusion in the arm is not a very common disorder, it can be seen in the arteries of cigarette smoking and, more often, over 60 years of age. The blockage progresses slowly, but it can cause severe problems in some arteries directly to the brain.

It is usually felt with pain or cramping with the movement of the arm. In addition, the brain is also affected by the blockages that occur during blood flow, causing other symptoms:

  • Weakness in the arm
  • Numbness in arm
  • Loss of balance
  • Blurry vision
  • Short stroke

Cardiovascular Occlusion Symptoms

Cardiovascular occlusion is the blockage in the arteries that provide high blood flow to the heart. These arteries are referred to as "coronary arteries" in the medical literature, and vascular occlusions in the heart vessels are also called "coronary artery disease."

Plaques and inflammations containing cholesterol on the inner wall of the arteries are known as the most crucial cause of occlusion of the arteries. As plaque formation causes narrowing of the vessels, the rate of clean blood pumped to the heart may decrease. Slowing of blood flow or reduction of oxygen cells can lead to a heart attack in the future.

Symptoms such as severe chest pain and shortness of breath are seen in occlusions in the heart vessels. Occlusions in the coronary arteries occur gradually over a long period.

Vascular Occlusion Treatment Methods

In the treatment of vascular occlusion, reducing the effect of the factors causing the occlusion or completely removing it is the first step. These are:

  • Smoking and alcohol consumption should be stopped
  • The order of eating habits should be changed; a healthier diet should be established under the control of a doctor.
  • Regular exercise should be started
  • Cholesterol, blood pressure and sugar levels should be monitored regularly.

Despite these regulations, drug supplements or surgical interventions can also be applied if needed. However, it is also known that the risk of the disease is reduced, especially if eating habits are regulated and treated carefully. Therefore, it will be essential to comply with the rules.

Leg Vascular Occlusion Treatment & What Is Good for Leg Vascular Occlusion?

Leg atherosclerosis occurs because of the occlusion of the vessels that provide blood flow to all other organs except the brain and heart. Blockages in these arteries are also known as “peripheral arterial disease.”

Cigarette consumption, cholesterol, and blood pressure are in the first place among the factors that cause the disease. Cramps and severe pain in the legs and hips after movement are among the disease's most apparent symptoms. In the initial phase, the pain seen only in motion and after walking can also occur during rest over time. In the later stages, wounds that heal late occur on the feet, and gangrene formation can be observed.

Some of the symptoms seen in leg vein occlusions are as follows:

  • Pain in the hip, calf, or legs
  • Cramps in the legs
  • Difficulty walking
  • Weakness in the legs
  • Unexplained bruising on the feet
  • Wounds that heal slowly or never heal
  • Gangrene

If one or more of these symptoms are observed, it is necessary to apply to the hospital. In addition, leg vein occlusion exercises are one of the methods that can be very effective in relieving pain after movement.

Cerebrovascular Occlusion Treatment

Drug use and surgical interventions are among the most common methods used in the treatment of cerebrovascular occlusions. Treatment methods may vary since many factors can affect the treatment. The primary purpose of the treatment is to eliminate the narrowing and blockages of the vessels that cause blood flow.

If vascular occlusion and narrowing are ignored and not treated, they can lead to severe problems. For this reason, it will be essential for the following processes to apply to the nearest health institution and to have the necessary examinations in case of the slightest symptom that can be noticed.

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