Diet For People With Heart Problems
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Healthy Lifestyle

Diet For People With Heart Problems

Many factors such as diet, types of food consumed, preparation, and cooking methods affect the formation of cardiovascular diseases. Nutritional habits and physical activities are the most critical factors affecting blood cholesterol and triglyceride values. Correction of wrong and irregular eating habits and regular physical activity are essential in preventing cardiovascular diseases.

Diet Recommendation For People With Heart Disease

  • Limit your meat consumption. Prefer white meat such as fish, chicken, and lean beef.
  • Do not consume the fatty part of the meat, the skin of the chicken, foods high in saturated fat (salami, sausage, pizza, pita bread, burger, etc.).
  • Consume eggs 1-2 times a week
  • When buying milk, yogurt, and cheese, choose non-fat or semi-fat products. Avoid salty cheese consumption.
  • Use equal olive oil and other vegetable oils (such as sunflower, corn oil, hazelnut, soy).
  • Increase consumption of vegetables, fruits, legumes (beans, chickpeas, lentils, kidney beans, etc.).
  • Prefer bran, rye, oat, and whole-grain bread.
  • Reduce the consumption of sugar, honey, jam, molasses, and sugary sweets and salt.
  • Drink a maximum of 1 cup of coffee and 3-4 cups of light tea a day.
  • Increase your physical activity.
  • If you have hypertension, do not consume salt and foods containing salt.
  • Do not use alcohol.
  • Do not smoke.

Sample Menu For People With Heart Disease

The amount of fat has been reduced in the sample list, and it has been prepared for a healthy diet. The types of food consumed and portion sizes may vary according to the person's weight, height, age, gender, and physical activity values. The amount of calories that each individual should take daily is different. The diet should be prepared by the person's health information and blood findings.

Breakfast:

  • Tea
  • 1-2 slices of low-fat cheese
  • 2-3 olives (if desired)
  • 1 teaspoon jam or honey (if desired)
  • Tomatoes, cucumbers, green leafy vegetables
  • Wholegrain, rye, or wholemeal bread

Noon:

  • Beans or lean meat (chicken, fish, boiled meat) (60-90 gr)
  • Pasta or bulgur pilaf (1 serving)
  • Salad (without oil)
  • Wholegrain, rye, or wholemeal bread

Evening:

  • Soup
  • Meat and vegetable dish
  • 1 bowl of yogurt
  • Salad (without oil)
  • Wholegrain, rye, or wholemeal bread

Foods That Are Bad For Your Heart

  • Offal food 
  • Fatty foods 
  • Solid fats, butter, lard, tallow, hard margarine
  • Fatty meat, fatty fish, or fatty chicken, sausage, bacon, salami, sausage
  • Shellfish, caviar
  • Fries 
  • Processed foods 
  • Foods high in salt 
  • Heavy dumplings 
  • Coffee, tea
  • Carbonated drinks (cola, soda, etc.)
  • Pastries containing baking powder
  • Salted, smoked, dried foods
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