Everything About Fuel Filters in Vehicle - Functions, Safety & Depreciation
Although the high standards of fuel quality are undisputed in Europe, and the USA, the risk of dirt particles and water still exists. However, for modern engines and carburetors to function effectively, the fuel must be clean. Dirt particles cause wear and clog holes in fuel preparation systems, some of which are very small. Water causes corrosion in the injection system and can cause parts to malfunction, resulting in engine shutdown.
The fuel you buy for your vehicle is stored in your fuel tank. The fuel system pulls the fuel in your tank with the help of a pump, if necessary, and pumps it into the combustion chamber of the cylinder. In this operation, the filter that cleans the fuel coming from the tank is called the fuel filter. That's why every internal combustion engine is equipped with a fuel filter. The fuel filter is supposed to filter out dirt particles from the fuel (some fuel filters are also designed to filter water). This makes an essential contribution to the operating safety of the engine.
Fuel filters in modern injection systems must meet very stringent requirements. Fuel filters for common rail or pump-nozzle diesel injection systems, for example, must ensure exceptionally high levels of fuel cleanliness. As a result of the high injection pressure (up to 2000 bar and in some cases even higher), the injection system parts have very low tolerances. Even the smallest dirt particles can cause system malfunction or even complete breakdown. Innovative filter systems that meet these requirements are a necessity today.
The filter media must also be resistant to modern fuels (containing high levels of ethanol or biodiesel, etc.) and assure consistently high filter performance and flow rate over a wide temperature range (-40 °C to 100 °C). In addition, fuel filters must tolerate mechanical loads, especially if they are mounted under the vehicle.
Fuel Filters Are Available in Several Different Designs:
Fuel filter elements: they are replaceable and located in a separate housing integrated into the engine.
Spin-on filters: consist of a single unit consisting of housing and filter element and are replaced as one-piece during service and maintenance. Depending on the application, these designs will also have additional features such as a fuel heating unit and connection outlets for the water level indicator in the fuel and a water drain plug.
Inline fuel filters: These filters are mounted in the fuel line. The housing and filter element form a single unit that is replaced during service and maintenance. According to the manufacturer's needs, inline fuel filters can be steel, aluminum, and plastic.
Renowned parts manufacturers develop high-performance filter media that equates to original equipment quality achieved by leading vehicle manufacturers. Each fuel filter has been designed to meet the exact requirements of the current application. Therefore, branded filters meet the manufacturers of injection systems and protect both the injection system and the engine. As a result, it ensures the safe operation of the vehicle even under harsh operating conditions.
Another essential element in fuel filter development is crash safety. Filter elements must be designed and manufactured to prevent the risk of explosion and fuel leakage in the event of an accident. Frost-proof valve design and heating and water fitting equipment complement the contribution of fuel filters to safe vehicle operation.
Branded manufacturers produce fuel filters that best comply with environmental guidelines. After replacement, recycling is secured by the universal take-back system. From an ecological argument, metal-free filter elements (used in fuel filter modules) are better. As a result, reducing the use of raw materials in production will result in less waste in service and maintenance work and a reduction in the environmental impact of their disposal.
The fuel filter is a typical wear part. It gradually blocks the flow of fuel and becomes clogged over time. This hinders engine performance and smooth operation. For this reason, fuel filters should be changed at regular intervals (usually at around 60,000 km). This study is carried out during periodic checks at specified intervals.
When replacing fuel filters, only branded filters of original equipment quality should be used. Using unbranded products will result in poor filter performance. This can result in wear on injection parts, loss of engine power, significantly higher fuel consumption, and expensive repair work. An OE quality fuel filter, on the other hand, will preserve engine performance and help maintain the vehicle's value.