Modern Disease: Depression - Symptoms & Treatment
Depression, one of the most common psychological disorders globally, is a mood disorder that has serious adverse effects on behavior, thoughts, and emotions, causing no longer enjoying the previously enjoyed situations and being constantly sad. Depression is a severe psychological disorder that requires accurate diagnosis and treatment. Depression symptoms can manifest themselves in different intensities in individuals.
What Are the Symptoms of Depression?
Depression symptoms may not be the same for everyone. Not every criterion has to be met. However, most of these symptoms have been present for at least the last two weeks means that professional support should be sought. Depression symptoms are:
- There is a pessimistic view of life, present, and future.
- Continuing unhappy, sad, distressed mood prevails.
- It isn't easy to enjoy life in this period.
- Feeling of unhappiness about oneself, about the future, about life.
- There is a feeling of helplessness.
- Feeling of worthlessness about oneself.
- Reluctance to achieve goals due to loss of motivation. Therefore, there is no attempt to take any steps.
- There is a feeling of emptiness.
- Difficulty in concentrating and maintaining attention. This also causes forgetfulness.
- The feeling of loneliness is overwhelming.
- Sleep patterns are disrupted. For this reason, it is either intermittent and very little sleep, or there are severe difficulties in waking up and getting out of bed.
- Eating patterns are disrupted. As a result, weight loss occurs due to loss of appetite or weight gain due to overeating.
- There is a significant loss of energy. There may be situations where even the most basic needs such as bathing and eating cannot be met.
- Loss of interest and pleasure in activities such as hobbies, socialization, work, and sexuality previously enjoyed.
- There is a constant feeling of exhaustion and fatigue.
- Problems are experienced in fulfilling responsibilities related to school, work, and daily life.
- Primarily, there is a noticeable negative change in the way of self-perception and evaluation.
- Self-isolation is seen in social environment, family, and friends. The person withdraws himself as much as possible, avoiding mixing with people.
- Thoughts, plans, and attempts to harm oneself can be seen. Suicidal tendencies are frequently encountered during depression.
Some symptoms of depression may occur for different reasons or be confused with other disorders. Therefore, it is essential to seek clinical help for the diagnosis and subsequent treatment of depression.
What Is Not Depression?
It is essential to know what depression is to understand what it is not, both for ourselves and those around us. Because not being able to make this distinction affects our approach to people and situations in the wrong direction. This results in misinterpretation of situations and events.
The frequent use of the word depression to describe people's moods in daily life, and its expression in every sadness, has also changed the approach to depression, an important and serious psychological mood disorder. Not every negative emotion experienced is depression that requires treatment. These emotions are the reactions we give to the events, which are ordinary and necessary to experience.
Contrary to popular belief, depression is not a feeling of sadness, a low mood. Depression brings with it many physical and cognitive problems as well as unhappiness and sadness.
Depression is not a condition where criteria are currently met or just a few of them. It is not an emotional state that goes away on its own, occasionally occurs, and changes from morning to night. Depressed people need treatment and support.
Most importantly, depression is not something to be ashamed of or a sign of weakness.
How Do I Get Out of Depression?
Depression can be cured, although it presents serious and intense difficulties. One of the critical points in the treatment of depression, the sooner it is recognized and the treatment is started, the faster and better results are obtained. For this reason, the symptoms of depression should be known, and its presence in the person should be investigated well. There are differences in treatment according to the type and severity of depression.
In addition to professional support, it is essential to get help from one's social environment. In this period, instead of getting away from socializing, it will be beneficial for him to share with his close circle both about his problems and about social life. However, it is known that physical activities such as walking and sports have a relaxing effect on the person and help sleep patterns. Drinks such as alcohol and caffeine should be avoided as much as possible during this period. You can find our article on how to help someone who is depressed here.
Coming out of depression is not something one can do alone. It is essential to get professional support. Depending on the type and severity of depression, psychotherapy or additional drug therapy can be used to treat depression.