What is Chronic Fatigue? - Symptoms & Treatment
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What is Chronic Fatigue? - Symptoms & Treatment

Anemia or depression may be the cause of your persistent tiredness. If you have other complaints accompanying your exhaustion, do not forget to consult a specialist. Because fatigue, which is not emphasized most of the time, can be a symptom of a severe illness.

Fatigue complaints, which we frequently encounter in recent years, may be a harbinger of disease. Your tiredness, which sometimes goes away after short rests and sometimes lasts for a long time, may turn into “chronic fatigue.”

Situations where a person cannot find enough energy physically or psychologically while doing a job are called fatigue. Despite going to bed early in the evening, consuming all the energy from the moment one gets out of bed in the morning towards noon is also described as fatigue. There are types of fatigue. These; are divided into three groups as mental, physical, and chronic fatigue.

If the person constantly feels tired and sluggish, which has been going on for more than six months, he may have chronic fatigue syndrome. Generally, the feeling of tiredness becomes more evident during the transitions of the seasons, and in addition to fatigue, insomnia, tingling in the body, weakness, and lack of energy are accompanied by conditions. Chronic fatigue can affect a person's physical activities as well as pose a psychological threat.

Fatigue after a busy day is considered normal. However, if this fatigue does not go away with rest and recurs constantly, it would be beneficial to see a doctor. Mainly the duration of the fatigue that does not go away is significant. If you have fatigue that lasts longer than six months, you probably have chronic fatigue.

Reasons For Chronic Fatigue

The causes of chronic fatigue may also vary according to the age group of the person. While work stress, anemia, depression, or low blood pressure can cause fatigue in younger people, diabetes, kidney problems, heart and liver problems can also cause fatigue in older people.

Depression is one of the leading causes of chronic fatigue. While investigating the causes of fatigue, tests such as a complete blood test, urinalysis, measurement of liver enzymes, and measurement of thyroid function may be ordered by your doctor.

If another underlying disease causes fatigue, it is recommended to start treatment as soon as possible.

Other than that, some reasons that trigger chronic fatigue are as follows.

  • Diabetes and insulin resistance
  • Adrenal gland problems
  • Mineral and vitamin deficiencies: Vitamin D, B12 deficiency
  • Anemia
  • Viral diseases such as HIV and EBV
  • Rheumatic diseases
  • Liver and kidney diseases
  • Chronic intestinal diseases such as colitis
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Work stress

Symptoms

The symptoms of chronic fatigue and the symptoms of fatigue are very similar to each other, and it isn't easy to distinguish them. While fatigue quickly subsides with rest, symptoms usually need to persist for at least six months before a diagnosis of chronic fatigue can be made. If the person does not feel rested even after getting out of bed, has memory problems, and faces concentration disorders, this may be a sign of chronic fatigue.

At the same time, it can occur because of clinical examinations in diseases that trigger chronic fatigue. Some diseases that trigger chronic fatigue are: lymph nodes, joint diseases, headache, and concentration disorders can also trigger chronic fatigue significantly.

Fatigue caused by exercise and running is usually relieved by rest and good sleep of 6 to 8 hours. However, if chronic fatigue persists for more than 24 hours despite rest and this situation becomes recurrent and lasts for six months, it must be investigated. The symptoms of chronic fatigue are as follows:

  • Concentration disorder
  • Forgetfulness
  • Muscle pain
  • Throat ache
  • Joint pains
  • Restless sleep disorders
  • Energy loss
  • Nausea
  • Negative attitudes towards self, work and life, restlessness
  • A depressed mood
  • Regression in daily activities
  • Irritability or worsening after the slightest physical or mental exercise
  • Don't wake up tired
  • Hyperactivity
  • Speech difficulties
  • Blurring of consciousness
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness when standing up

Treatment Methods

Patient history is significant in chronic fatigue. The entire history of the patient, from his work to his daily activities, and the disorders that are thought to cause this situation are learned. The duration of fatigue and other triggers are being investigated.

E.g., If the patient has swelling in his legs or has shortness of breath when he lies down, heart diseases or kidney diseases if his urination is low or painful, or thyroid diseases if he complains of weight loss or hair loss can be suspected.

In cases where there are no other underlying causes of fatigue, the treatment of chronic fatigue is initiated in the company of psychiatrists and psychologists. Some patients benefit significantly from therapy sessions with an expert team.

Chronic fatigue treatment includes some lifestyle changes. Regular sleep hours of 6 to 8 hours and simple exercise movements can be part of the treatment. In addition, unhealthy diets can be one of the conditions that cause chronic fatigue.

In some diets, consuming wrong, uniform, and less than the body's needs can lead to chronic fatigue in a long time because it is not enough to meet the person's daily energy needs.

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