Body stretch marks are usually caused by the tension of the skin and a tear in the dermis or deeper skin layer. This rupture, which develops in the structure of collagen and elastin, leaves a permanent mark even if it heals. These traces that can be seen on the skin surface are called cracks. Scars tend to be dark, purple, or red when they first appear. It may form blisters on the skin or cause itching. These scars, which turn from red to pale in months, flatten and begin to lie below the level of the surrounding skin. Sudden weight gain, pregnancy, Corticosteroids, high cortisone levels, adolescence are the leading causes of stretch marks.
During the normal development process, the skin stretches slowly. However, unlike the growth process, the skin, which undergoes a sudden change in weight gain, cannot keep up with the change in the connective tissues. For this reason, it creates ripple-like tears in the middle layer called the dermis. Crack formation is common, regardless of gender, especially in people with obesity. Even if the weight changes due to increased muscle mass, stretch marks can develop. With the weight loss process supported by sports, you can prevent cracks while preserving your muscle mass.
Most women get stretch marks during or after pregnancy. As the skin expands rapidly depending on the baby's development, cracks may occur, but hormonal changes are also a part of this process. Variable hormone levels weaken the fibers found in the skin tissue. Therefore, the skin becomes more prone to tearing with weight gain.
Corticosteroids, which are used to treat many diseases, including asthma, skin diseases, and autoimmune diseases, can cause cracks when used for a long time. Long-term use of corticosteroids, which are effective together with the treatment methods applied for inflammation, causes a decrease in the level of collagen. Collagen is a supportive protein that keeps the skin firm and elastic. Low collagen levels can cause stretch marks as your skin loses its elasticity.
The body naturally produces cortisone from the adrenal glands. Known as the stress hormone, cortisol turns into cortisone, and high cortisone levels can increase the likelihood of stretch marks. In particular, the disease is known as "Cushing's Syndrome,” and affecting the adrenal glands causes the body to secrete excess cortisone. As a result of weight gain, skin elasticity is lost, and cracks may occur.
Stretch marks are common, especially during adolescence, due to the rapid change in height and weight. The crack formation, which is more common in areas such as hips and chest, can be concentrated in the back and abdomen according to gender.
Stretch marks are caused by tissue tension that develops, causing the skin’s structural components known as collagen and elastin to rupture. Stretch marks, which are candidates for a type of scar on your body, can be alleviated to a certain extent with regular physical activity, fat burning, and muscle-building efforts. Depending on the action and frequency, you can achieve visible results on the skin surface.
Exercise and regular sports also increase circulation and reduce edema. This improves the appearance of the skin and the appearance of the physique as a whole. Movements that will work your legs and exercises that activate the muscles can mitigate stretch marks. Deficient in training and practice for nine months, especially during pregnancy, the body loses muscle tone and has a looser appearance. Light activities such as yoga, swimming, and walking can help you take precautions against stretch marks during this period.
Removing cracks is an essential and demanding process. Many exercise plans promise to help you achieve smooth skin. But stretch marks may not be taking sports and exercise too seriously.
The key to managing stretch marks is to increase the skin's elasticity. At this point, nutrition, physical activity, and moisturizing skin methods play a supportive role in reducing stretch marks. In particular, physical activity and a correct exercise program allow you to address weight management and increase skin elasticity. Massage treatments can be applied as part of a treatment that includes exercise. Massages with herbal oils such as cocoa, Indian and sweet almond oil and increasing blood circulation are among the natural methods recommended for body cracks.
Of course, the most critical need of the skin, water should be consumed in abundance. Flaxseed can be added to the nutrition program for collagen support. Moisturizing creams and lotions that you will use daily are also very effective in preventing possible itching and relieving the appearance of cracks.
While the cracks usually show themselves as red and purple marks, they turn white over time. The color difference indicates how long the cracks have been there. Although they do not disappear completely, it is possible to change the color of the trials and reduce them with the right treatment methods. Red cracks are easier to treat, while white cracks may require a longer course of treatment. It is possible to accelerate the healing period of cracks with the help of some methods. These are mainly; exfoliation, topical creams and ointments, peeling the skin surface with the applicator, micro-needling method, and laser treatment.